Name Foundation: Ludhiana or Lodiana, is called after the Lodis, which dynasty ruled at Delhi from A.D. 1451 to1526. The Two Lodi Chief, Yusaf khan and Nihang Khan, deputed by Sikandar Lodi (A.D.1489-1517) to restore order in the region, fixed head-quarters on the present location of Ludhiana city, which was at the time on more than a village called Mir Hota. Legend has it that Yusaf crossed the Satluj to check the Khokhars, who were then plundering the Jalandhar Doab, and settled at Sultanpur; Nihang Khan remained at Mir Hota as the Emperor’s lieutenant and called the place Ludhiana.
Ludhiana city is known as the industrial hub of Punjab, whose roots go back to the 15th century. This vivacious city has turn out to be a colourful bouquet of different cultures, thanks to its industrial status. The inventive & creative urge of the Ludhianivis noticeable itself beautifully in various industrial activities. Ludhiana has time & again been called the Manchester of India. Industries manufacturing Cycle & its parts, Woolens, Machine Tools, Sewing Machines, Generators, Diesel Engines, Tyres & Tubes and a host of other utilities and consumer goods dot the map of Ludhiana. The industrial products & hosiery manufactured in Ludhiana are not only used within India but they are also exported to different regions of the world.
No one is in a mood to listen while the city is crying hoarse. Not that there is so much rush, it is because the mind of its inhabitants is elsewhere. There is no space to stretch one’s limbs and the time has been reduced to a roundabout at the Clock Tower. A grand race is taking place with no destination in sight. This marathon race is an end in itself. The promised joyride is in fact turning to be a pain in the neck. Still the show must go on; else the house of cards will come tumbling down. Amidst all this flurry of activities, there are literary discussions, cultural seminars, photograph and painting exhibitions, song and dance concerts, flower and baby shows, games and sports, stag parties and girlie outpourings, convocations and annual functions, declamations and debates, besides the get-togethers of senior citizens.
Still the city is bubbling with enthusiasm and wants to be heard, even in snatches. We have come up with this web directory ‘Ludhiana online.com’ in which the past and the present have been well balanced. It is in fact a historical, industrial and cultural monologue of Ludhiana. The city is heaving a sigh of relief that it has retained its identity since the times of Sultan Sikander Khan Lodhi. His Generals, Usuf Khan and Nihang Khan, laid its foundation in 1481 near Meer Hota village as an army cantonment. Later Meer Hota was renamed as Lodhiana. In 1785 the Sutlej changed its course and the bet area of the width of 9 km and the length of 90 km was added to the territorial range of Ludhiana. Thus, the outlines of a big city were demarcated. It was Jalal Khan, the grandson of General Nihang Khan, who built the Ludhiana Fort.
Ludhiana gets its name from the Lodhi Dynasty, which is believed to have founded the city in the year 1480. During the reign of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, Ludhiana became an important British cantonment. Initially, in 1805, Maharaja Ranjit Singh had occupied Ludhiana. However, in 1809, the British decided to curb his advance eastwards and sent troops to confront him. Ranjit Singh was forced to sign the treaty of 'perpetual friendship' with the British, which confined his activities to the right bank of the Sutlej. British troops were permanently stationed in Ludhiana and the Cis-Sutlej states came under British protection.
However, Ludhiana’s claim to fame is not its commercial enterprises alone. It is an important pilgrimage center as there are many historic Gurudwaras. In Cultural & Educational fields, too, Ludhiana holds an outstanding place. Punjab Agricultural University, Guru Nanak Dev Engineering College & Christian Medical College, Dayanand Medical College & Hospital are some of the premier educational & research institutes. Really, Ludhiana offers a mesmerizing quick look into the world of machines tempered with a thriving human touch.
Many leaders of the Indian freedom movement came from Ludhiana. Prominent among them were Lala Lajpat Rai, Sardar Kartar Singh Saraba, Baba Santa Singh and Maulana Habibur Rehman. Ludhiana has contributed five chief ministers, namely Bhim Sen Snahan, Justice Gurnam Singh, Gian Singh Rarewala, Lachaman Singh Gill and Beant Singh.
Know more about Ludhiana…
- Ludhiana, the only Industrial city in Northern India, stands on the G.T Rd from Delhi to Amritsar.
- Ludhiana is a District Headquarter with Parliamentary Constituency of the same name.
- Ludhiana is one of the Four Municipal Corporations of the State.
- Ludhiana is Fastest-growing city in India. Its Population according to provisional figures of 2001 Census was 3030352 besides very large migrant population – more than 10 lacs approximately.
- Ludhiana has got the highest per capita vehicles in India. Every 3 months more than 10000 vehicles are added in the city.
- Ludhiana is the Business Capital of Punjab, though the Official Capital of Punjab is Chandigarh.
- Ludhiana is Located on Ambala-Jalandhar section of about 315 kms from Delhi and 113 kms from Ambala.
- Shambhu, which is the last station of Punjab on Ambala side, is 96 kms from Ludhiana. Jalandhar is at a distance of 57 kms from Ludhiana on Amritsar side. The distance of Amritsar from Ludhiana is 136 kms.
- Ludhiana is at the distance of 124 kms from Ferozepur & the Railway line and State Highway No. 18 connects both cities. Other Railway lines from Ludhiana go to Lohian Khas via Nakodar, Jakhal via Dhuri.
- Ludhiana is a part of the Ludhiana-Moga-Ferozepur-Bhatinda-Malout-Muktsar-Faridkot tourist circuit in Punjab.